Circular vs. Level: Revealing! What's in a term?

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Circular vs. Level: Revealing! What's in a term?

Post by flatterme on Wed Oct 12, 2016 12:34 am

Two contrasts:
LEVEL HEADED and CIRCULAR REASONING



* Examples
* Word Origin
[lev-uh l-hed-id]
See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
adjective
1.
having common sense and sound judgment; sensible.
Level headed:
lev·el·head·ed
[ˌlevəlˈhedəd]
ADJECTIVE

1.
calm and sensible.
synonyms: sensible · practical · realistic · prudent · pragmatic ·
[more]


Synonyms:

* all there
* balanced
* collected
* commonsensical
* composed
* cool


* coolheaded
* dependable
* discreet
* even-tempered
* farsighted
* judicious


* practical
* prudent
* rational
* reasonable
* sane
* self-possessed


* sensible
* steady
* together
* unflappable
* wise

having or showing an ability to think clearly and to make good decisions
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/levelheaded

Synonyms of 'level-headed' More synonyms
calmbalanced, reasonable, composed, together, cool, collected, steady,sensible, sane, dependable, unflappable, self-possessed, even-tempered,grounded
http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/level-headed

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Circular reasoning:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Circular reasoning (Latin: circulus in probando, "circle in proving"; also known as circular logic) is a logical fallacy in which the reasoner begins with what they are trying to end with.[1] The components of a circular argument are often logically valid because if the premises are true, the conclusion must be true. Circular reasoning is not a formal logical fallacy but a pragmatic defect in an argument whereby the premises are just as much in need of proof or evidence as the conclusion, and as a consequence the argument fails to persuade. Other ways to express this are that there is no reason to accept the premises unless one already believes the conclusion, or that the premises provide no independent ground or evidence for the conclusion.[2] Begging the question is closely related to circular reasoning, and in modern usage the two generally refer to the same thing.[3]
Circular reasoning is often of the form: "A is true because B is true; B is true because A is true." Circularity can be difficult to detect if it involves a longer chain of propositions. Academic Douglas Walton used the following example of a fallacious circular argument:
Wellington is in New Zealand.Therefore, Wellington is in New Zealand.[4]
He notes that, although the argument is deductively valid, it cannot prove that Wellington is in New Zealand because it contains no evidence that is distinct from the conclusion. The context – that of an argument – means that the proposition does not meet the requirement of proving the statement; thus, it is a fallacy.
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argument; reasoning; logical thinking; abstract thought[Classe]
chose fausse ou inexacte (fr)[Classe]
(proposition), (inconsistent; confused; disconnected; disjointed; disordered; garbled; illogical; scattered; unconnected), (logic; logical system; system of logic), (inference; illation), (metalogical)[Thème]
raisonnement faux (fr)[Classe]
cercle (généricité) (fr)[Classe]
circular reasoning (n.)

http://dictionary.sensagent.com/circular%20reasoning/en-en/

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circular reasoning
   adj  
1    annular, discoid, globelike, orbicular, ring-shaped, rotund, round, spherical  
2    circuitous, cyclical, orbital  
http://dictionary.reverso.net/english-synonyms/circular%20reasoning

==============================================================

https://www.powerthesaurus.org/circular_reasoning
circular reasoning > related terms

circle
ergo
reasoning
sequitur
vicious


http://grammar.about.com/od/c/g/circargterm.htm
Circular argument:
Examples and Observations

"The circular argument uses its own conclusion as one of its stated or unstated premises. Instead of offering proof, it simply asserts the conclusion in another form, thereby inviting the listener to accept it as settled when, in fact, it has not been settled. Because the premise is no different from and therefore as questionable as its conclusion, a circular argument violates the criterion of acceptability."
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flatterme

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